The Mary Slessor Journal of Medicine



Note to authors




Volumes 12 Number 1. (2013)

Mary Slessor Journal of Medicine is an official publication of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, and Nigeria. The University of Calabar Teaching Hospital is housed in the former Saint Margaret Hospital, Calabar, a health care facility established in November 1897, as the first center of secondary health care in Nigeria.

In 1997, the then Hospital Management, headed by Dr, Rowland Ndoma-Egba thought it wise to have a centenary celebration of the Hospital. As part of this celebration, there was need to show case the immense contributions the Hospital, and of course, Calabar made and is still making to the medical world, hence the birth of this journal.

The contribution of the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar environment to the development of tropical medicine is very remarkable. The first microfilaria of loa loa was extracted from a patient here in Calabar, hence, the name “Calabar Swelling” given to the condition. The early studies that implicated chrysops in the transmission of this parasite were also done here. Calabar also provided the "Calabar bean” Physostigma venenosum for which eserine (a name derived from the local the bean) was isolated and hence began a revolution in neuropharmacology.  Perhaps the earliest description of General Medical practice in the tropics found in medical literature was in provided from Calabar.

Geographically, the Cross River State of Nigeria, where the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital is located, can be rightly termed as a microcosm of the world. It starts from the mangrove swamps forest bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the south; it extends through one of the very few tropical rainforests still left in the world at Boki and gently transformed into the savannah belt at Ogoja in the north. To the northeast is the elevation at Obudu with characteristics Mediterranean type of climate with four distinct seasons of winter, spring, autumn and summer. Hardly any other geographical entity in the world provides such a rich variety within such small space. This is therefore an ideal environment for research in tropical medicine and provides unparalleled opportunities for comparative studies in the health problems of the tropical and temperature climates. There was really a need to stimulate such studies and a medium to air the findings, hence the place of an international journal, the Mary Slessor Journal of Medicine

Besides, it was also discovered that scientists in the sub- Saharan Africa still go through the frustrations of information death. Studies conducted in the continent are often difficult to access by workers in the region, making intra-African information transfer a daunting task. Again, the cost of publishing abroad was becoming more and more out of the reach of an average African academic. The was a greater need to fill up the gap.

The choice of the name, Mary Slessor Journal of Medicine was an easy one. Born in December 2, 1848 in Aberdeen, Scotland, Mary Mitchell Slessor left the comfort of her home on August 5,1876 and set sail for Calabar. For 38 years, she labored in this southeastern cost of Nigeria, from Calabar extending as far as to the Igbo nation. Her works went beyond introducing Christianity to the people and building churches. She built, organized and taught women and children in schools. She rapidly learned the language and belief systems of the people was appointed a native court judge by the British Consul General, Sir Claud Mac Donald in 1892

She is even better remembered for her fight against the superstition killing of twins in this part of the world. Hitherto, twins were regarded in southeast Nigeria as products of evil spirits. They were promptly killed and their mothers ostracized. Mary Slessor fought this practice relentlessly, salvaged a large numbers of twins, their mothers and other so called outcasts and maintained their colonies which necessarily moved along with her missionary transfers. She introduces nutritional rehabilitation units in these colonies. She was one of the earliest to recognize and practice the social and economic empowerment of women as a means of checking abuse. During the small-pox epidemic, she worked as a nurse and also motivated the leprosy hospital at Itu a few kilometers from Calabar. Her grave stands today on hill, about 200metres across the University of Calabar Teaching Hospital. Perhaps, no other name would command more respect and love in this part of the world than Mary Slessor. Hence immortalizing the name of this pioneer missionary, an advocate of rights of women and children and a primary health care worker with this international journal, did not come with any difficulty.

so far, the journal has lived up to its expectation. Very many groundbreaking research findings have come out of this journal. For instance before the Would Health Organization published the efficacy of Mass Ivermectin Administration for the control of onchocerciasis. Mary Slessor Journal of Medicine has already aired it from a study in Agbokim and Ajassor communities in Cross River State, Nigeria. All consenting eligible inhabitants of the two communities had received ivermectin annually over an 8-year period. The ivermectin was distributed by specially trained primary health care workers from each of the communities, which ensured 97% coverage, on review; no infection was detected in any of the subjects examined, nor in the black fly intermediate host!

The journal has also attracted articles even beyond the developing countries to Britain and the United States of America. The dream of the journal is to transform medicine and its practice in the tropics and even beyond and become one of the leading medical journal in the world.





Awareness and Utilization of Haemoglobin A1C Estimation as a Glycaemic Monitoring tool in Persons with Diabetes by Medical Practitioners in Calabar, Nigeria: A Clinical Practice Audit.

O.E. Essien, A.A.Otu, C.C. Odigwe,V.A.Umoh, H.O.Okpa  


Prevalence of Malaria Parasitaemia among women of different ABO Blood groups in Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.

I.M. Okafor, A.P.Akpan, O.M.Nwofor

Antioxidant Levels and Lipid Peroxidation in Patients with Advanced Cervical Cancer

Chukwunwendu A. Okonkwo, Frank O. Amegor, Oghale L. Ogemune  


Utilization of Cervical Cancer Screening Services by Women of Child-Bearing age in Uyo Metropolis, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

I. N. Ojong, P. P. Etim, P. E. Samson-Akpan & M. I. Akpan


Opportunistic Cervical Cytology at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

 C.A.Okonkwo, O. Adeleye   


Early outcome of treatment of Congenital Clubfoot using kite’s method – The Need for Review of Treatment Method.

Ngim E. Ngim   Enembe Okokon  Ikpeme A.M. IKPEME , Anthony M.D. Udosen, Joy Iya 


Breast Self Examination among Secondary School Teachers in Edo State, Nigeria: A survey of Perception and Practice

E.A. Tobin and P.O. Okeowo         


Factors Influencing the Practice of Exclusive Breast Feeding Among Mothers in Ikot Omin, Calabar, Nigeria.

N.C. Essien and Samson-Akpan   


Diagnosing Irritable Bowel Syndrome in a Student Population; A Comparison of the World Gastroenterology Questionnaire And The Rome III Criteria.

Okonkwo U. C., Onyekwere, C.A.,Nwosu, M.N., Oguejiofor ,O.C., Odenigbo, C.U., Nwankwo,H.M.


Evaluation of Thin Layer Agar for rapid and accurate diagnosis of tuberculosis in a resource-limited setting.

Umoh, N.O. , Asuquo, A.E. , Abia-Bassey, L. , Asibong, U.E. & Pokam, T.B.


Contact Information

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College of Medical Sciences,
University of Calabar,
Calabar, Nigeria
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