A Prospective Comparative Study of the Bacterial Flora of the Vagina
Cervix in Non-Pregnant Women of Childbearing Age in Calabar, Nigeria
E. Archibong, I. Itam, A. Opara, C. Ikefun
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,
University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, Nigeria
Formerly of Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calabar,
A qualitative comparative study of the bacterial flora of the vagina
and cervix of 90 non-pregnant women of childbearing age (18-35 years) in
Calabar was undertaken. The study revealed that both aerobic and
microaerophilic organisms as well as the strictly anaerobic bacteria
constituted the microflora of the lower genital of this group of women.
Of the 90 women sampled, Lactobacilli were the most frequently isolated
organism in both the cervix and vagina, occurring in 62.2% and 75.6% and
the samples respectively. Proteus species were the least in incidence,
occurring in only 4% of either the cervical or vaginal specimens. The
following pathogenic organisms were isolated in both the vagina and
cervix: Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans,
Clostridium species and Beta-haemolytic Streptococci. In general, the
same types of organisms were isolated in both the cervical and vaginal
samples, although the incidence in the two sources varied.
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