Abstract 4.5
 

 

 

 

HIV/AIDS Awareness Level of First Year Students of a Tertiary Institution in Rivers State, Nigeria
  

 

Stella Ibe 
 

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Port-Harcourt, Port-Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria 
 

Abstract


 

This study examined the knowledge, attitude and preventive practices (KAP) of 250 first year Nigerian students regarding HIV/AIDS, in July 2002. Data was collected by both quantitative method using structured questionnaires and by qualitative method through focus group discussion (FGD). Respondents had a mean age of 22.2 years, were mainly Christians (98.4%), single (97.2%), and lived off-campus (80.8%). Information from the FGD was quite comparable to what was obtained through questionnaires. Only 4.4% could define HIV correctly while 33.6% defined AIDS correctly. Majority(84.4%), knew that HIV causes AIDS, 73.6% knew that youths were the age group most at risk, 37.2% thought there was a cure while 39% knew there was no effective vaccine for AIDS. More than half(57.2%), were concerned about contracting HIV with 67.2% believing HIV/AIDS was in their school, however 80.6% had never been tested for HIV. The FGD exposed the misconceptions and chauvinism of some male participants on HIV/AIDS issues and the inadequacy of knowledge of participants. Although some knew important routes of transmission and ways of prevention, they need more education on HIV/AIDS issues.
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