Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) in Female Students and Pregnant
Women in the West Province of
P. Thumamo, A. Asuquo
Department of Medical Microbiology and
Faculty of Laboratory and Allied Health Sciences
College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar
Detection of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carried out in the
west province of Cameroon by immunoassay in the sera of 290 apparently
healthy pregnant women and female students showed a prevalence of 3.79%.
The pregnant women in Bafoussam, an urban setting, had a prevalence of
1.2%, while their counterparts in Bandjoun had a prevalence of 7.5%. All
the female students sampled in Bandjoun had a prevalence of 4.1%.
Comparison of the HBsAg in both towns showed no statistical difference
(p>0.05). Relevant information obtained through questionnaire showed
that students were more aware about the disease than pregnant women.
There was no significant association between the HBsAg status of
subjects and factors such as sexual activity, previous infection in a
family member and blood transfusion. Peri-natal transmission is the main
route of disease acquisition in the study area. Enlightenment and
screening of pregnant women for the marker is advocated.