Abstract 6.  (1)12



Life Threatening Haemoptysis: Hospital Based Study


K. A. Al Rish, M. A. Taher, & F. Khamash


Emergency Department, Division of Thoracic Surgery, King Hussein Medical Centre, Amman, Jordan


Abstract: Massive haemoptysis is a life-threatening situation which requires immediate medical attention and intervention. We reviewed 23 patients with life-threatening haemoptysis to document the cause, describe the treatment of these patients and to determine which form of treatment had a better outcome. In a retrospective case study. Consecutive patients were review and data collected for the underlying cause, treatment and outcome of patients with life-threatening haemoptysis. Out of 23 patients, nine patients had active pulmonary tuberculosis and nine patients had post-tuberculous lung disease. Fifteen patient patients underwent bronchial embolisation, one patient had surgical resection and seven patients had received medical treatment. Five patients required intubation. Bronchial embolisation was significantly better than medical treatment at immediate cessation of haemoptysis (p<0.05). Three (13%) patient died form haemoptysis. Follow-up duration averaged 16 months. The most common causes of haemoptysis were pulmonary tuberculosis and post-tuberculous bronchiectasis. Urgent bronchial artery embolisation was better at immediate cessation of haemptysis than medical treatment.

Key words: Pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, mortality, bronchial angiography, bronchial embolisation.

Send emails to    info@maryslessorjournalofmedicine.org    for purchase of full article.




Home ] Up ]

Send mail to Seniormaster@maryslessorjournalofmedicine.org with questions or comments about this web site.
Copyright Mary Slessor Journal of Medicine, 2012 
Last modified: 12/28/12