Abstract 6.  (1)13
 

 

 

Morphologic Features of Anaemia in Pregnant Women in Maiduguri, Nigeria

 

A. C. U. Wzimah1, U. A. M. Abjah1, O. Kyari2, & S. O. Ureme3

1 Department of Haematology, and 2 Obstetrics and Gynaecology,

College of Medical Sciences, University of Maiduguri,

3 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences,

University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus

 

Abstract: The study was undertaken to investigate and establish the morphologic features of anaemia in pregnant women in Maiduguri. Between September 1999 and June 2002, 150 pregnant women with anaemia were detected in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital (UMTH). The detection and classification of the anaemia were by standard protocol. The patient with anaemia had PCV of 0.260.05L/L, platelet count o f181.046.4x109/L, MCHC, of 30g/dl, CH of 22pg and MCV of 74 femtolitres. The control subjects had corresponding results for these parameters as 0.340.03, 160.015.2, 32g/dl, 28pg and 88fl respectively. Apart from the results for MCHC, the differences in the sets of results between the patients with anaemia and the control subjects were statistically significant (p<0.05). Majority of the patients with anaemia (94%) showed suspected non-compensatory microcytic hypochromic blood picture with a pattern of platelet count higher than that of the controls. We concluded that underlying microcytic hypochromic anaemia was evident among the pregnant women. A strategy for elaborating the etiology of the anaemia and controlling its impact on the outcome of pregnancy should be instituted by health authorities in our zones.

Key words: Anaemia, Morphologic Features, Pregnant women, Maiduguri.

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