Abstract 6.  (1)16




Cultural and Social Life in Cross River State of Nigeria and their Role in the Spread and Control of HIV/AIDS





Nsan, E. N.


Department of Community Medicine, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital,

Cross River State, Nigeria.


Abstract: This article is adapted from a paper presented by the author, on invitation, at the second HIV/AIDS Summit of the Government of Cross River State of Nigeria, in collaboration with the UNESCO/UNAIDS Joint Programme on Culture, Tourism and AIDS held in Calabar in December 2005. In the article, African socio-cultural practices that constitute risk factors in the acquisition and transmission of HIV/AIDS (and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are discussed. These are extrapolated to the situation in Cross River State in an effort to seek a possible cultural explanation to the high prevalence (12%) of the infection in the state. Cultural factors alone cannot explain. More studies on the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Cross River State are called for. However, certain cultural practices can be utilized in the strategy to prevent or control HIV/AIDS in the state.

Key words: HIV/AIDS, African cultural practices, epidemiology, socio-cultural practices, sexual practices.

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