Abstract 6.  (1)7
 

 

 

HIV Infection and Correlates among Young People in Nigeria

 

Akani, C. I1; O. Erhabor2, Seye Babatunde3

 

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology1

Department of Hematology2, Preventive and Social Medicine3

University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital P.M.B. 6173, Port-Harcourt, Nigeria.

 

Abstract: In this study we sought to investigate the socio-demographic correlates of HIV sero-positivity among young adults presenting to the University of Port-Harcourt. Of the 2,033 young adults tested, 705 (34.7%) were positive for HIV. The median age for those found HIV positive was 21.4±3.0 years. HIV-1 was the predominant serotype in 650 (92.2%) compared to 3(5.1%) for HIV 2 and 1 (2.7%) for dual HIV 1 and 2 infections. The prevalence of HIV progressively increased with age (x2 = 74.79, p<0.00). The prevalence of HIV was higher among young adults without formal education compared to those with formal education (x2=121.0; p<0.0001). The prevalence of HIV was significantly higher among females (41.2%) compared to young adult males (22.3%)  (x2 = 72.90, p<000.1). Commercial sex workers and applicants were more likely to be positive compared to other professional groups (RR=2.32; 95% CL 1.79-3.01; x2 = 13.62; p<0.0002) and (RR=1.08; 95%; CI=0.80-1.45; p = 0.64) respectively. Students were likely not to be positive compared to other professional groups (RR=0.73, 95% CI=0.60-90; p= 0.005). The median age of first sexual debut was significantly lower in young adult’s sero-positive for HIV (15.23±1.24 years) compared to the total population (17.33±2.07 years). HIV sero-prevalence rate was significantly higher in young adults with his history of multiple sex partners compare to those without single sexual partners and those without history of sexual relationship (RR=35.86; 95% CL 24.6-51.3;p = 0.0001). this hospital-based study has indicated a high prevalence of HIV among young adult Nigerians and brings to bare the need for governmental, nongovernmental organizations, oil companies and faith based organizations to embark on prevention intervention with the hope of prioritizing measures that promote behavioral, cultural and socio-economic changes that will stem the tide of HIV vulnerability among young people, thus investing in our regional and national future.

Key words: Correlates, HIV infection, young adults, Nigeria.

 

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