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Risk Factors of Pre-Eclampsia in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

 

Omole-Ohonsi Abiodun,

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,

Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital,

Kano, Nigeria.

 

 

 Attah Raphael

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,

Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital,

Kano, Nigeria.

 

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Abstract

A prospective observational study of the risk factors of pre-eclampsia in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria over a 5 year period was conducted. The socio-demographic characteristics and obstetric  variables of 212 women who had pre-eclampsia and delivered in our unit, were compared with that of the other women who delivered in our unit but did not have pre-eclampsia during the period of study. The data obtained were analyzed using Epi-Info Version 6.0 (CDC Atlanta USA). Chi-square test was used to compare groups for significant differences. P-value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were determined. Extremes of reproductive age and parity, low socioeconomic and unbooked status, positive family history of hypertention and ecess weight gain were found to be significant risk factors. Provision of free or subsidized and accessible antenatal care services, campaign for female education and employment, as well as acceptance of modern family planning methods, will prevent pregnancies at extremes of reproductive age, grandmultiparity, and unbooked status, and reduce the prevalence of pre-eclampsia.

 

 

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